Purpose: To present a unified student opinion and demonstrate student support for the acknowledgement of Black History Month and a history of slavery in Missouri.WHEREAS, Americans have recognized black history annually since 1926, first as “Negro History Week” and later as “Black History Month.” Black history had barely begun to be studied or even documented when the tradition originated, and
WHEREAS, Dr. Carter D. Woodson organized the first annual Negro History Week, which took place during the second week of February. Dr. Woodson chose this date to coincide with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln, two men who had greatly impacted the black population, and
WHEREAS, many African Americans have made a significant impact to our country such as Rosa Parks, who refused to surrender her seat in a bus to a white passenger in 1955, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was stoned and physically attacked for his strong beliefs and delivered one of the most compelling speeches, the “I Have a Dream” speech, and Malcolm X, who influenced many movements with his positions on black power and neo-colonialism, and WHEREAS, in theDred Scott case, Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom. In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court declared that all blacks, whether slaves or not were not and could never become citizens of the United States, and WHEREAS, In 1720, Philippe F. Renault introduced slavery to Missouri when he brought over 500 African Americans with him from Santa Domingo to work in the Des Peres River section in the lead mines, and WHEREAS, The Missouri Compromise of 1820 resulted in Missouri being admitted as a slave state in exchange for approving the application for statehood of Maine as a free state, andWHEREAS, In 1860, slave codes were a series of laws designed to keep the African Americans “in their place”, and WHEREAS, It was not until the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 that abolished slavery. Section 1 states that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2 states that Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation, and
THEREFORE, Be it resolved that the Missouri Students Association respectfully states that they stand in full-unified support for the acknowledgement of Black History Month and a history of slavery in Missouri.